Where the botanist knows the classification “Sativa” for all varieties, Seedbanks and Grower define the different hemp varieties even more specifically.
A distinction is made between “indica”, “ruderalis” or “hybrids”, the distinguishing features are usually the smell, the effect and the properties of the growth.
In this introduction, the named cannabis strains will be defined more precisely:
The cannabis sativa stem originally from the equatorial areas. Because of the constant light conditions of their home, this variety grows even during the flowering phase. Due to this characteristic, sativas tend to become very large, and in nature, they can become real giants of several meters (in indoor cultivation, the growth should, therefore, be controlled). Their leaves look very diversified like many little fingers, as you know the classic of every hemp logo. In addition to the above-average yield Sativas have other interesting properties:
1. Celebrations, spiritual high
2. Banish tiredness and wake up
3. Actively motivating
4. Promotes the ability to concentrate and makes you alert
5. Often, increased appetite is the result
Overall, the Sativa is very popular because of these properties, because it does not pull down the user, but gives him a good feeling and even sharpens the senses.
Most of the CBD cannabis strain known today comes from East Asia, India, Nepal, Tibet or Afghanistan. In contrast to the described Sativa varieties, the Indica is much darker in its green color and the fingers on the leaves are less filigree, but very stocky. Probably the most important difference is the height growth, as the Indica grows rather small, robust and bushy, which makes them very interesting for indoor cultivation (when autumn approaches in the outdoors and light hours decrease, the Indica stops its height growth and invests all energy in the formation of the flowers). The Cannabis Indica flowers earlier than the Sativa and its flowers are covered with a lot of resin which continues even on the surrounding leaves. Because of their compactness and their thick flowers must be provided with these varieties for a good ventilation, as these varieties may otherwise tend to mold. Overall, the Cannabis Indica varieties are characterized by the following characteristics:
1. Very strong physical/physical high (stoned)
2. Can make you tired
3. Increased appetite, partial hunger attacks
4. Are anti-inflammatory
6. Soothing, relaxing effect
7. Reinforces auditory and haptic sensations
Cannabis Ruderalis varieties are significantly smaller than Sativas or Indicas and are therefore ideal for home growing. They are also characterized by a very early, automatic flowering beginning (without the need to change the lighting conditions), which is why parts of their genetics are used in today’s Automatic varieties. In the wild, they can be found in the more northern, colder regions such as Russia, China or Norway. The Ruderalis varieties are also directly recognizable on their leaves with only a few burly fingers.
Since the Ruderalis varieties contain little THC, they are of no interest to most users. Recently they have become important because of their genetics and the crossing with Sativas or Indicas. Thus, the new Strains got properties of Indicas and Sativas in combination with the positive growth characteristics of Ruderalis. Today, many of these predominantly automatic varieties are on sale and find good sales. Overall, the Ruderalis has the following characteristics:
1. Low THC and CBC content
2. Low and stocky growth
3. Grows in cooler, more northern areas
4. Starts quickly and automatically in the flowering phase
In the meantime, there are many hybrids between Sativas, Indicas, and Ruderalis in the cannabis seed market where the Seedbanks have combined different positive qualities of the varieties. Thus, it should not surprise the beginner when he comes across seeds that combine several properties of different families together and thus not clearly assigned a species.
Popular features are combined at many intersections:
1. THC content
2. Height or width growth
3. pest resistant
4. Automatic start of the flowering phase (Automatic Seeds)
The combination of these and other properties has meanwhile led to a plethora of different varieties, with more strains presented each year.
For growers and gardeners, the following applies: Irrespective of the effect, indica-dominant varieties are the right choice if there is no growth space for tall plants, cultivation should be as labor-intensive as possible and harvesting should nevertheless be generous. However, if you want to grow outdoors and produce a variety of cannabis that is inspiring beyond the classic after-work relaxation, you will find an exciting field of experimentation in the Sativa.